Researchers have pinpointed the driest area on Earth in the Atacama Desert, a district in Chile effectively perceived as the most bone-dry on the planet. They have additionally discovered proof of life at the site, a disclosure that could have sweeping ramifications for the quest for life on Mars.
“Amazingly, we discovered various suitable bacterial species in the dirt profile at MES utilizing a mix of atomic indigent and free techniques, uncovering the vicinity of life in the driest place on the Atacama Desert answered to date,” says Armando Azua-Bustos, a natural scientist and exploration researcher at the Blue Marble Space Institute of Science in Seattle.
For over 10 years, the Yungay district has been built up as the driest zone of the hyper-parched Atacama desert, with conditions near to the purported “dry point of confinement” for life on Earth. A few scholastic papers have been distributed investigating the uncommon attributes of the site and its significance to astrobiologists as a simple of conditions on Mars. On the other hand, taking after a more efficient inquiry of the desert, a Chilean exploration group has now discovered another site, María Elena South (MES), which it portrays as “much drier” than Yungay.
Lead creator Azua-Bustos says the group found that MES has a mean barometrical relative moistness (RH) of 17.3 percent and a dirt RH of a consistent 14 percent at a profundity of one meter. This dirt worth matches the most minimal RH estimations taken by the Mars Science Laboratory at Gale Crater on Mars (underneath), setting up the way that conditions at the site are as dry as those discovered as of late on the Martian surface